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Policy Frameworks to Support Climate Resilience in Nigeria.

Updated: Jun 10

As worries about climate change becoming more widespread worldwide, Nigeria is confronting the increasingly urgent realities of climate change. The country's socioeconomic structure is significantly threatened by the tangible effects, which range from rising temperatures to unpredictable rainfall patterns and an increase in the frequency of catastrophic weather events. Nigeria is actively re-enforcing its climate resilience in response to these problems utilizing strong policy frameworks and efficient national government institutions. The National Climate Change Policy, a comprehensive framework outlining strategies, goals, and action plans for adaptation and mitigation, is central to Nigeria's attempts to develop climate resilience. This article examines these frameworks' essential elements and how important it is to strengthen sector-specific climate resilience.


Nigeria's Strategic Framework for Climate Resilience

Nigeria's proactive approach to the urgent issues presented by our changing climate is embodied in the National Climate Change Policy. Adopted with vision and determination, this framework of policies provides a strategic guide for managing the complex dynamics of environmental changes while promoting sustainable development. Nigeria has committed to lowering greenhouse gas emissions and enhancing resilience in several sectors, as evidenced by the policy, which was designed to address both adaptation and mitigation. Symbolic of the country's progressive strategy to preserve its socio-economic stability in the face of environmental uncertainty, it was adopted in 2012.

By acknowledging the vital roles played by indigenous knowledge systems and local communities in building successful resilience measures, the policy fosters inclusivity. It seeks to empower stakeholders at all levels and guarantee that adaptation efforts are fair and sensitive to various requirements by encouraging cooperation and engagement. The development of organizations like the Nigerian Climate Change Commission demonstrates institutional coherence, another important tenet of the program. Nigeria hopes to pool resources and collective experience to support a single climate agenda through concerted initiatives and inter-ministerial cooperation. The policy also emphasizes the value of scientific investigation and data-driven decision-making. Nigeria aims to improve its ability for evidence-based planning and proactive risk management by funding research projects and infrastructure related to climate data.

In its ongoing battle against climate change and environmental degradation nationwide, the National Council on Climate Change (NCCC) has unveiled a revolutionary cooking solution dubbed the Atmosfair Save80 Clean Cookstoves, aimed at households in the Northeast region. Salisu Dahiru, NCCC Director-General, unveiled a stove in Maiduguri, Borno State, aiming to reduce firewood usage by up to 80%, particularly for women who rely on firewood for cooking. By switching to Save80 clean cookstoves, Nigerians can make a substantial financial, environmental, and sustainable living contribution. These stoves made of stainless steel have an 80% reduction in pollution and fuel consumption. With intentions to spread to 36 states and 774 local government entities in the US, sensitization initiatives are now operating in six geopolitical zones.


Nigeria's Initiatives in Combating Climate Change

Nigeria is at the forefront of two crucial climate change-related pioneering activities, looking for ways to get funding for large-scale projects, especially in light of the clauses found in Article 6 of international accords. Nigeria offers a wealth of prospects for these kinds of investments, given its status as the most populous country in Africa. Furthermore, Nigeria has adopted comprehensive climate change-specific legislation, a brave move that few other African countries have dared to do. There are only three African nations with such laws, with Nigeria and Uganda having the most extensive. For practitioners, investors, project developers, verifiers, and the developing carbon market, this legislation offers a sense of confidence.

Also, Nigeria is harnessing internal resources to finance green projects that can earn carbon credits. The National Council for Climate Change has forged partnerships with key entities in Nigeria, including the Nigerian Sovereign Investment Authority (NSIA) and InfraCorp. These partnerships offer viable avenues for capital mobilization. Notably, NSIA and Vitol have already initiated a $50 million project development line for a voluntary carbon market project in Nigeria, marking just the beginning of our efforts. Along with them are the nation's other private financial organizations. The Green Climate Fund has also given Nigeria support and intends to accredit the Development Bank of Nigeria (DBN) as the first domestic organization falling under its jurisdiction. Significant investment opportunities in climate financing are now available in Nigeria thanks to this accreditation. As a result, Nigeria is well-positioned to draw climate finance for a wide range of projects, which will strengthen our resilience and sustainability initiatives even more.



Addressing Challenges in Climate Action Implementation

Nigeria, like many nations, faces the critical challenge of bridging the gap between climate policy formulation and effective implementation on the ground. This "implementation gap" presents hurdles like capacity limitations, resource constraints, and coordination issues. Tackling these obstacles is vital for Nigeria's journey toward meaningful climate action and sustainability. The primary obstacle impeding climate action in Nigeria is insufficient capability in implementing agencies and at different levels of governance. One major obstacle is the lack of institutional capabilities and experience.

Nigeria has to make targeted investments in education and training programs to improve technical skills to address capacity limits. Encouraging knowledge-sharing platforms and fortifying institutional frameworks can equip interested parties with the know-how needed to advance climate initiatives. Nigeria struggles with a lack of resources, especially when raising enough money to support programs and projects related to climate change. A lack of funding frequently makes it difficult to put ambitious climate plans into action. Nigeria might investigate cutting-edge finance options like green bonds and public-private partnerships to overcome resource limitations. Additionally, leveraging international support and collaboration can provide critical financial assistance to bolster Nigeria's climate efforts.

For climate action in Nigeria to be successful, effective coordination among all stakeholders is necessary. However, coordination issues are frequently brought on by disjointed governing structures and conflicting mandates. Government agencies, civil society organizations, and the commercial sector must define roles and responsibilities and streamline cooperation procedures. Collaboration and effort alignment can be fostered via advancing information-sharing platforms and multi-stakeholder collaborations.


Strengthening Climate Accountability and Progress Tracking Through Monitoring and Evaluation

Monitoring and evaluation (M&E) are critical tools in Nigeria for promoting responsibility and tracking the advancement of several projects, specifically concerning to sustainability and climate action. Holding stakeholders accountable for their roles and obligations in climate action is made possible by M&E methods, which offer a systematic framework. Stakeholders can be held accountable for their contributions to achieving climate goals through efficient monitoring, which includes communities, organizations, and governmental bodies. This promotes openness and trust, guaranteeing that promises are kept and that actions are consistent with predetermined goals.

Additionally, M&E is a vital means for monitoring the achievement of ambitious climate targets, such as those established for Nigeria, by the government. Stakeholders can evaluate the efficacy of their actions by methodically gathering and evaluating data on key performance indicators (KPIs) such as the rate of adoption of renewable energy, the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions, and the implementation of adaption strategies. This makes it possible to make prompt modifications and interventions to maintain efforts in line with goals.

This guarantees that choices are supported by actual data, resulting in interventions that are more focused and successful. To identify priority regions and spend resources where they are most needed and likely to have the biggest impact, M&E is essential to Nigeria's climate initiatives. Through the evaluation of various interventions' efficacy and financial viability, Nigeria can guarantee that financial resources are directed toward projects that produce noticeable outcomes in terms of climate resilience, mitigation, and adaptation.


Recommended strategic actions for Nigeria


Strategic Approaches to Climate Action Implementation and Overcoming Challenges

Key strategies include streamlining stakeholder coordination mechanisms, investigating novel financing mechanisms like public-private partnerships and green bonds to mobilize resources, and enhancing capacity-building initiatives to improve technical expertise alongside institutional capability to strengthen implementation by addressing challenges in Nigeria. Putting money into education and training initiatives gives stakeholders the expertise they need to take successful climate action while enlisting the help of other countries opens up access to more resources and information. Encouraging responsibility, keeping track of progress, and guiding decision-making all depend on strong monitoring and evaluation systems. It is possible to replicate effective strategies and avoid previous errors by encouraging knowledge sharing and learning among stakeholders. The effectiveness of climate initiatives is maximized when resource allocation is prioritized according to evidence-based evaluations of performance and impact.

The countries of West Africa are on the frontlines of climate change, facing a multitude of challenges. However, nations like Ghana have emerged as leaders in developing and implementing key strategies to strengthen their resilience and address these challenges. Ghana has set high standards for emissions reduction and climate change adaptation within the terms of the Paris Agreement. The National Adaptation Plan (NAP) for Ghana is a strategic roadmap for incorporating adaptation measures into national development planning. The nation has also established a Climate Change Fund to finance climate activities. Ghana has made great strides toward renewable energy, and a rising portion of its energy mix now comes from solar and hydropower. This change encourages sustainable growth, improves energy security, and lowers carbon emissions. By protecting important ecosystems and boosting resistance to the effects of climate change, effective forest conservation and restoration initiatives have also aided in attempts to mitigate the effects of climate change. Ghana's attempts to reduce and adapt to climate change must include the Climate Change Fund and NAP.


Embracing Technology and Nature-Based Solutions in Nigeria's Climate Action Agenda

In Nigeria, alongside aggressive climate action targets, efforts are being made to solve climate concerns via the use of technology and nature-based solutions. Adopting technical advancements like renewable energy systems, energy-efficient technology, and climate-smart farming practices is critical for lowering emissions and increasing resilience. Furthermore, investing in nature-based solutions like afforestation, reforestation, and sustainable land management benefits not just carbon sequestration but also ecosystem services and biodiversity. These initiatives supplement traditional mitigation and adaptation measures, helping Nigeria achieve a comprehensive climate change plan and promote long-term development.


The NCCP, a crucial component of Nigeria's National Climate Change Policy, aspires to make the country more resilient to future climate impacts. It focuses on adaptation and mitigation strategies, indicating Nigeria's commitment to climate change. However, its actual potential rests in its ongoing refinement and execution, which promotes sustainable development, resilience building, and climate leadership at both the national and global levels.

By prioritizing the NCCP's implementation, Nigeria can unlock opportunities for sustainable development, resilience-building, and climate leadership at both national and global levels.



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